“Powerful … constructively controversial.” - Telegraph
“As entertaining as it is erudite.” - Observer
“Ambitious, meticulously researched and passionate.” - Independent
"Impeccably well-researched" - Huffington Post
"I disagree with just about everything she has to say" - Julie Bindel


Interested in more? Links are to resources directly referenced in The Sex Myth that are available to view online. Some may be behind commercial or academic paywalls. This is not a complete list of sources referenced in the book.

For a full list of source material and the context in which these are referenced, please see the book.

Jump to resources for: What Women Want | Children and Sexualisation | Lap Dancing and Rape | The Real Porn Industry | Online Lives | The Truth About Trafficking | Red Lights, Happy Hookers | In It For the Money | Sex Addiction

What Women Want

[pdf] M Chivers, G Rieger, E Latty, J M Bailey. "A sex difference in the specificity of sexual arousal" (2004) Psychological Science 15(11): 736-744

[web] Anokhin AP, Golosheykin S, Sirevaag E, Kristjansson S, Rohrbaugh JW, Heath AC. "Rapid discrimination of visual scene content in the human brain." Brain Research doi:10.1016/j.brainres.2006.03.108

[pdf] Chivers ML, Seto MC, Blanchard, R. "Gender and sexual orientation differences in sexual response to sexual activities versus gender of actors in sexual films" (2007) Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 93(6): 1108-1121.

[web] Jerry Ropelato, Internet Pornography Statistics.

[pdf] E O Laumann, A Paik, R C Rosen. "Sexual Dysfunction in the United States: Prevalence and Predictors" (1999) JAMA 281:537-544.

[web] R Moynihan. "The making of a disease: female sexual dysfunction" (2003) BMJ 326: 45

[pdf] M King, V Holt, I Nazareth. "Women’s Views of their Sexual Difficulties: Agreement and Disagreement with Clinical Diagnosis" Archives of Sexual Behavior 2007, 36(2), 281-288.

[web] Oberg K, Fugl-Meyer AR, Fugl-Meyer KS. "On categorization and quantification of women’s sexual dysfunctions: an epidemiological approach" (2004) Int J Impotence Res 16:261–269

[web] I Nazareth, P Boynton, M King. "Problems with sexual function in people attending London general practitioners: cross sectional study" (2003) BMJ 327: 423.

[pdf] L Cosgrove et al. 2006. "Financial ties between DSM-IV panel members and the pharmaceutical industry." Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics 75: 154-160.

[web] R Balon and A Clayton. "Issues for DSM-V: Sexual Dysfunction, Disorder, or Variation Along Normal Distribution: Toward Rethinking DSM Criteria of Sexual Dysfunctions" (2007) Am J Psychiatry 164:198-200.

[web] R Basson, L A Brotto. "Sexual psychophysiology and effects of sildenafil citrate in oestrogenised women with acquired genital arousal disorder and impaired orgasm: a randomised controlled trial" (2003) British journal of obstetrics and gynaecology 110(11):1014-24.

[web] Lykins A, Meana M, Kambe G. "Detection of differential viewing patterns ot erotic and non-erotic stimuli using eye-tracking methodology" (2006) Arch Sex Behav 35, 569-575.

[pdf] H A Rupp, K Wallen. "Sex differences in viewing sexual stimuli: An eye-tracking study in men and women" (2007) Hormones and Behavior 51(4): 524-533.

[web] A R Parish. "Sex and food control in the uncommon chimpanzee: How Bonobo females overcome a phylogenetic legacy of male dominance" (1994) Ethology and Sociobiology 15(3): 157-179.

[pdf] Savin-Wiliams RC and Diamond LM. "Sexual identity trajectories among sexual-minority youths: Gender comparisons" (2000) Archives of Sexual Behavior 29: 607-627.

Children and Sexualisation

[web] Scottish Executive report on sexualisation.

[pdf] Aksglaede  L, Sorensen  K, Petersen  JH, Skakkebaek  NE, Juul  A. (2009) Recent decline in age at breast development: the Copenhagen Puberty Study. Pediatrics 123, e932–e939.

[pdf] American Psychological Association (2007) "Report of the APA Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls.

[web] Australian Senate (2007) "Inquiry into the sexualisation of children in the contemporary media environment."

[pdf] N M Malamuth, T Addison, M Koss. Pornography and Sexual Aggression: Are there reliable effects and can we understand them? Annual Review of Sex Research (2000) 11:26-91.

[web] C Shipman and C Kazdin. “Teens: Oral Sex and Casual Prostitution No Biggie.” ABCnews, May 28, 2009.

[pdf] Wellings, et al. (2006) Sexual behaviour in context: a global perspective. The Lancet, 368(9548): 1706-1728.

[web] Wellings et al. (2001) Sexual behaviour in Britain: early heterosexual experience. The Lancet, 358(9296): 1843-1850

[web] Centers for Disease Control (2007) "United States All Years: Percentage of Students Who Ever Had Sexual Intercourse."

[web] "First global analysis of sexual behaviour." Press release, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 30 October 2006.

[proxy] Liz Jones, “How pop became porn.” Daily Mail 01 March 2010.

[web] Morris, Nigel. MP: Teach girls virtues of virginity. The Independent, 05 May 2011.

[web] Nixon, R. “Statement About the Report of the Commission on Obscenity and Pornography” 24 October 1970.

Lap Dancing and Rape

[scribd] Magnanti, BL (2011) "The impact of adult entertainment on rape statistics in Camden:a re-analysis."

[pdf] Eden, I (2003) "Lilith Report Lap dancing and strip-tease in the borough of Camden."

[web] Corrections and clarifications, January 2009. Guardian.

[web] Hunt, T (2009) "Betting shops and strip clubs stand as monuments to New Labour morality." Guardian.

[web] Sex assaults down since lap dance clubs opened. Newquay Voice, 03 March 2010.

[pdf] Bryant, P Linz, D and Shafer, B (2001) "Government regulation of adult businesses through zoning and anti-nudity ordinances: Debunking the legal myth of negative secondary effects." Communication Law and Policy 6(2): pp 355-91.

[pdf] Hanna, J L (2005) "Exotic Dance Adult Entertainment: A Guide for Planners and Policy Makers." Journal of Planning Literature 20(2): pp 116-134.

[web] Lim, G Y and Roloff, M E (1999) "Attributing sexual consent." Journal of Applied Communication Research 27(1): pp 1-13.

The Real Porn Industry

[web] Porn insiders say murder case stinks on many levels,” AOL News, 09 June 2010.

[web] McKee, Alan (2005) The objectification of women in mainstream porn videos in Australia. Journal of Sex Research, 42(4). pp. 277-290.

[web] E Monk-Turner and H C Purcell. Sexual violence in pornography: How prevalent is it? Gender Issues, 1999 17(2)

[web] Jameson Berkow. "Porn to get .xxx domain." Financial Post, 25 June 2010.

[web] Tony Comstock. "Is That a Boiled Frog in Your Pocket? Or Are You Just Happy to See Me?" The Atlantic, 12 February 2011.

[web] Shira Tarrant. “Porn: Pleasure or Profit?” Ms. Magazine, 29 June 2010.

[web] E Lombardi. “Public Health and Trans-People: Barriers to Care and Strategies to Improve Treatment.” In The Health of Sexual Minorities. IH Meyer and ME Northbridge, eds. Springer, 2007. P. 638-652.

[web] J Keatley and J Sevelius. Transgender Epidemiology (presentation). University of California San Francisco Center of Excellence for Transgender HIV Prevention.

[jstor] Zurcher, Louis A. et al.  1971. “The antipornography campaign: a symbolic crusade.” Social Problems 19:2: 217-238.

Online Lives

[web] MP Claire Perry on internet porn.

[web] Ybarra ML, Mitchell KJ, Hamburger M, Diener-West M, Leaf P (2011) X-rated material and perpetration of sexually aggressive behavior among children and adolescents: is there a link? Aggressive Behavior 37(1), 863-874.

[pdf] Harris Interactive Market Research. Growing Up With Media Wave 1 Online Methodology Report, 2006.

[web] Psychologies anti-porn campaign summary articles, survey results, and additional materials.

[web] Witherspoon consultation, The Social Costs of Pornography

[web] Melinda Wenner Mover. The Sunny Side of Smut. Scientific American Mind, 22 July 2011. p 34

[web] Pornography, Sexual Socialization, and Satisfaction Among Young Men. Aleksandar Štulhofer, Vesna Buško and Ivan Landripet (2010) Archives of Sexual Behavior 39(1): 168-178

[web] McKee, Alan (2007) The relationship between attitudes towards women, consumption of pornography, and other demographic variables in a survey of 1023 consumers of pornography. International Journal of Sexual Health 19(1): 31- 45.

[pdf] Are the effects of pornography negligible?

[pdf] T D Kendall. Pornography, Rape, and the Internet. Working manuscript, July 2007.

[pdf] Anthony D’Amato. Porn Up, Rape Down.

[web] G Dahl and S DellaVigna. (2009) Does Movie Violence Increase Violent Crime? The Quarterly Journal of Economics 124(2): 677-734

[web] "How Time magazine promoted a Cyberhoax” 19 July 1995

[web] Altered image in question as seen in this Daily Mail article.

The Truth About Trafficking

[web] Denis MacShane. Tackling the trafficking myths. Guardian, 16 November 2009.

[web] The Maiden Tribute of Modern Babylon.

[web] Evidence to HAC, HC 23-II, Sixth Report on Human Trafficking in the UK.

[web] Cusick L, Kinnell H , Brooks-Gordon B and Campbell R (2009) Wild Guesses and Conflated Meanings: Estimating the size of the sex worker population in Britain. Journal of Critical Social Policy, 29(4): 703-719.

[pdf] S Dickson. Sex in the City. Eaves, 2004.

[web] 'Palermo Protocol' on Human Trafficking.

[web] Bindel, Julie. Penalising the punters. 21 November 2008. Guardian G2 p 16.

[web] Trafficking in Persons Report. Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, US Department of State. 04 June 2008.

[web] Newsnight, 21 October 2009. Have sex traffic levels been exaggerated?

[web] J Edwards and D Boffey. 25000 Sex slaves on the streets of Britain. Daily Mirror, 19 October 2005.

[web] Davies, Nick. Prostitution and trafficking – the anatomy of a moral panic. The Guardian, 20 October 2009

[web] Davies, Nick. Inquiry fails to find single trafficker who forced anybody into prostitution, The Guardian, 20 October 2009

[web] S Shuster. Prostitution: Ukraine’s unstoppable export. Time, 09 October 2010.

[cable] A Prostitute's Story: Sex And Trafficking In Vanadzor

[web] Tara Conlan and Carmiola Ionescu. “Monica's story: rescued victim of child traffickers or kidnapped by ITN crew?” The Guardian, 23 February 2008.

[web] United Kingdom Human Trafficking Centre. “United Kingdom Pentameter 2 statistics of victims recovered and suspects arrested during the operational phase.”

[web] Tom Whitehead. Two in three rescued women have vanished again. Telegraph, 16 September 2009

[web] The Northern Ireland Department of Justice (DoJ). "A Strategy to manage women offenders and those vulnerable to offending behaviour 2010-2013."

[pdf] Setting the Record: Project Acumen.

[web] R Edwards. "Up to 12,000 foreign 'sex slaves' work in British brothels" Telegraph, 18 August 2010. 

[pdf] National Referral Mechanism Statistical Data April 2009 to March 2010

[web] People trafficking prosecution failure 'startling'. BBC, 04 May 2010

[web] “No trafficking? Well, there's a hell of a lot of women suffering.” Catherine Bennett. Observer, 25 October 2009

[web] Hannah-Jones, Nikole. Analysis: Despite reputation, no proof Portland is a hub for child sex trafficking. The Oregonian 13 January 2011.

[web] US Bureau of Justice. Human Trafficking/Trafficking in Persons.

[web] Ditmore, Melissa. The Use of Raids to Fight Trafficking in Persons. Sex Workers Project 2009.

[hansard] House of Commons, 19 Jan 2009.

[web] Wrong kind of victim? Full Report, The Anti Trafficking Monitoring Group. June 2010.

[web] Caught Between the Tiger and the Crocodile.

[web] Christopher Shay and Mom Kunthear. Study Slams Trafficking Law, Phnom Penh Post, 23 July 2009.

[web] Human Rights Watch, "Off the Streets: Arbitrary Detention and Other Abuses against Sex Workers in Cambodia" July 2010

[cable] Police Action Against Prostitution - Cause For Celebration?

[web] Laura Agustín, "Leaving Home for Sex: Prostitution, Sex Work, Travel, Trafficking."

Red Lights & Happy Hookers

[google books] Ruth Rosen. The lost sisterhood: prostitution in America, 1900-1918. The Johns Hopkins University Press (1983)

[jstor] GM Blackburn and SL Ricards, 'The prostitutes and gamblers of Virginia City, Nevada 1870.', Pacific Historical Review 48 (1979) 239-58

[archive] Home Office information on prostitution

[web] L Agustin "Introduction to the Cultural Study of Commercial Sex" (2007) Sexualities 10:403

[pdf] Suzanne Jenkins. "Beyond Gender: A examination of exploitation in sex work" (2009)

[pdf] Phil Hubbard. Cleansing the Metropolis: Sex work and the politics of zero tolerance. Urban Studies 2004; 41. 1687-1702.

[web] Sanders, T. "The risks of street prostitution: punters, police, and protesters." Urban Studies 2004; 41: 1703-1717.

[web] K Keane, 18 November 2008. Prostitution 'forced into city'.

[pdf] B Brooks-Gordon. “Memorandum of Evidence on the Criminal Justice and Immigration Bill,” British Psychological Society, 2008.

[web] Stephenson, Pamela and Julie Bindel. "Prostitution: sex, lies and exploitation." Guardian 25 September 2009.

[web} Hammond, Grace. "Why money has stripped away class barriers in the sex industry." Yorkshire Post 20 September 2010.

[web] "Big Increase of Sex Workers a Myth: Latest Research". Christchurch School of Medicine and Health Sciences. 2006-09-12

[web] Report of the Prostitution Law Review Committee on the Operation of the Prostitution Reform Act 2003.

[web] Laura Agustín (2010) The Local "Big claims, little evidence: Sweden’s law against buying sex."

[pdf] Bedford v. Canada ruling.

[web] Bork, Robert. “Neutral Principles and Some First Amendment Problems,” Indiana Law Journal, 47 (1971).

In It For the Money

[web] Ballesteros J, et al. "Low seroincidence and decrease in seroprevalence of HIV among female prostitutes in Madrid." AIDS 1999;13:1143.

[web] Ward H, Day S, Weber JN. "Risky business: health and safety in the sex industry over a 9 year period." Sex Transm Infect 1999;75:340–3.

[web] Ward H, Day S, Green A, Cooper K, Weber JN. "Declining prevalence of STI in the London sex industry, 1985 to 2002." Sex Transm Infect 2004,80:374–6.

[web] Dukers-Muijrers, Niekamp, Brouwers, Hoebe. "Older and swinging; need to identify hidden and emerging risk groups at STI clinics." Sex Transm Infect 2010; 86:315-317

[web] "PA warns of rising STIs and poor sexual health in the over 50s." Press release (2010) Family Planning Association.

[cable] Regarding trafficking in Berlin around time of World Cup.

cable] Followup after Frankfurt brothel raids.

[web] C Daniels, "World Cup 'didn't fuel SA sex industry'" October 23 2010

[pdf] ABT Associates and Hunt Alternatives report.

[pdf] The Schapiro Group. Adolescent Girls in the United States Sex Trade Tracking Study Results for May, 2010.

[web] "Real men Get Their Facts Straight." Martin Cizmar, Ellis Conklin and Kristen Hinman. Village Voice, 29 June 2011

[hansard] Regarding Operation Pentameter funding.

[web] Gentleman, A. "Women's refuge chief returns OBE in protest over cuts" Guardian, 15 Feb 2011.

[web] Details of Eaves For Women income and expenditures.

[blog] Heresy Corner: "Feminists and Evangelicals compete to rescue fallen women." Endnote 209 in uncorrected print copies

[web] Brooks-Gordon, B. "Red mist obscures red light statistics." Guardian, 03 April 2009. Endnote 210 in uncorrected print copies
[blog] Liberal Conspiracy: "Sex work, figure fixing and Victorian philanthropy." Endnote 211 in uncorrected print copies

[blog] Liberal Conspiracy: "New Credibility Gap in Sex Trafficking Estimates." Endnote 212 in uncorrected print copies

Sex Addiction

[google books] “Case of Nymphomania”, Drs. Hor and Sprague. Boston Medical & Surgical Journal. Volume 25, 1841.

[web] A Frances. "Normality Is an Endangered Species: Psychiatric Fads and Overdiagnosis." Psychiatric Times July 6, 2010

[jstor] C Groneman, “Nymphomania: The Historical Construction of Female Sexuality” Journal of Women in Culture and Society 19(2): 337-367.

[jstor] Levine MP, & Troiden RR (1988) "The myth of sexual compulsivity." Journal of Sex Research 25:347-363.